Speculative Evolution in the Media
Speculative evolutionis the art and science of hypothesizing about how animals will evolve or would or could have evolved if history had taken an alternate route.
What if the the asteroid that killed the dinosaurs had never struck? What will animals look like in 10 million years? How were pterosaurs colored? There’s no way to know for sure; there are limitations on how we can interpret such sparse input that we get from fossils. But with these remains, consideration of how modern animals look and act, as well as a dose of creativity, we can speculate.
Pictured above are selections from Dougal Dixon’s 1988 book The New Dinosaurs: An Alternative Evolution, which is available in its entirety online. Dixon, who is credited with having created the field of speculative biology, considered in The New Dinosaurs how life on earth would look today if not for the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction. The top image, the Lank, could represent how some pterosaurs would have evolved, losing their wings and taking to the ground to fill a niche and phenotype very similar to a modern giraffe.
In 2003, the Discovery Channel/Animal Planet aired The Future is Wild, which speculated on what earth would look like millions of years after humans had left. The Discovery Channel consulted with dozens of scientists, including Dixon, producing fantastical animals such as a flying fish called the “flish” and a gibbon-like squid called the squibbon.
In 2012, Darren Naish, K.M. Kosemen and Jon Conway published All Yesterdays: Unique and Speculative Views of Dinosaurs and other Prehistoric Creatures, which takes a critical look at how paleoartists portray prehistoric animals. The artists speculate on some of the more strange possibilities that are typically not drawn by those illustrating the animal, because they are impossible to confirm by fossils alone. Perhaps protoceratops climbed trees, perhaps herbivores hunted occasionally. The sequel, All Your Yesterdays: Extraordinary Visions of Prehistoric Animals by a New Generation of Paleoartists is free, suggesting a donation, to view and download online.
toakarou.tumblr.com is probably written by a female somewhere between 13-17 years old. The writing style is personal and happy most of the time.
Funny how I’m supposedly ‘happy most of the time’, considering how much time I spend complaining about things. Ehehe.
Text analysisanne-ominous.tumblr.com is probably written by a female somewhere between 66-100 years old. The writing style is personal and upset most of the time.Old as balls.
ooobvsydu.tumblr.com is probably written by a male somewhere between 66-100 years old. The writing style is personal and happy most of the time.
chimetals.tumblr.com is probably written by a male somewhere between 18-25 years old. The writing style is personal and happy most of the time.
I’m scared, this is actually accurate.
gentaroukisaragi.tumblr.com is probably written by a female somewhere between 13-17 years old. The writing style is personal and happy most of the time.
other than age this is all right
rocketsciencerock.tumblr.com is probably written by a female somewhere between 13-17 years old. The writing style is personal and happy most of the time.
So I was unaware that I was a girl and my blog was happy all the time. Im also 18 but I guess the age wasn’t too far off.
yuutolovesturtles.tumblr.com is probably written by a female somewhere between 18-25 years old. The writing style is personal and happy most of the time.
Um…well, they got the female part right.
synsabre.tumblr.com is probably written by a female somewhere between 18-25 years old. The writing style is academic and happy most of the time.
I mean … I’m between 18-25 ?
That’s about the only thing that’s correct …
Well they thought I was 13-17 that’s.. Almost right? Im 18 almost 19 now. I was surprised to see that the female/male thing was actually pretty close to 50/50 though closer to female of course.
The beautiful United States of America.
Not at all the picture I expected of Texas.
Why is Idaho a picture of a city have u seen Idaho it’s mainly plains and hills and uninhabited areas.
I need to watch some good superhero cartoons, someone link me to a master post or just send me some titles and I’ll find them myself.
There’s only a few shows I actually remember watching on TV, I didn’t have many channels. And even the ones I did watch, I never saw every episode so.
Thanks in advance
A romantic comedy where a girl meets a guy and really likes him, then later on meets a girl she also likes and she is tearing herself up trying to choose between the two, only to find out in the end that they were the same, genderfluid, person
I WOULD WATCH THE EVERLOVING SHIT OUT OF THAT
(Whispers I’m kinda writing a similar story with a bigender merperson and an elf lady it’s really cute)
In less than 2 weeks, over 50,000 people have collectively pulled together to get 8 badges and even managed to get a pretty decent team of Pokemon.
Finished that drawing homework. Theme was “myth” but basically it just had to be a picture with a story behind it so I decided to illustrate a scene from one of my stories.
REBLOG this to prove you are not a Muggle.
my reblog button fucked up and i almost had a heart attack
I did it in the first try.
OH MY GOD.
MY COMPUTER BROWSER FROZE AND I DIDN’T REALIZE IT. I COULDN’T BREATHE.
But the lack of notes truly worries me
My mouse accidently slid off of the button and I was like, “dkfsafsa”
IM NOT A MUGGLE
1. I’m short
2. I love my hair but it tangles so easily
3. I play the French horn
4. I have a Harry potter shirt from first grade that fits me now
5. I’m LDS (Mormon)
6. I learned to read before I learned my colors and my parents were concerned that I might be colorblind
7. I have a lot of ocs with great stories but I’m terrible at writing them and have yet to finish a story
8. I’m almost 19 and still don’t drive or have my license
9. I really love to role play in a narrative sense
10. I really dislike the name josh because my cousin who is a stuck up jerk and this other annoying and stuck up horn player in high school were both named josh
!! Woah guys! Pixelovely’s new tools are finally out, one for hands & feet, and one for faces!
There’s now 429 photos of hands & feet, and 314 photos of faces. Dang!!
This is super cool news and I certainly can’t wait to start using them haha